Vision of the Man with a Measuring Rod
40 In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth of the month, in the fourteenth year after the city was [a]taken, on this very day the hand of the Lord was upon me and He brought me there. 2 In the visions of God He brought me into the land of Israel and set me on a very high mountain, and on it to the south there was something like a structure of a city. 3 So He brought me there; and behold, there was a man whose appearance was like the appearance of bronze, with a thread of flax and a measuring [b]rod in his hand; and he was standing in the gateway. 4 And the man said to me, “Son of man, see with your eyes, hear with your ears, and [c]pay attention to all that I am going to show you; for you have been brought here in order to show it to you. Declare to the house of Israel all that you see.”
Measurements Relating to the Temple
5 And behold, there was a wall on the outside of the [d]temple all around, and in the man’s hand was a measuring rod of six [e]cubits, [f]each of which was a [g]cubit and a hand width. So he measured the thickness of the [h]wall, one rod; and the height, one rod. 6 Then he went to the gate which faced east, went up its steps, and measured the threshold of the gate, one rod [i]in width; and the other threshold was one rod [j]in width. 7 The guardroom was one rod long and one rod wide; and there were five cubits between the guardrooms. And the threshold of the gate by the porch of the gate [k]facing inward was one rod. 8 Then he measured the porch of the gate [l]facing inward, one rod. 9 And he measured the porch of the gate, eight cubits; and its side pillars, two cubits. And the porch of the gate was [m]faced inward. 10 The guardrooms of the gate toward the east numbered three on each side; the three of them had the same measurement. The side pillars also had the same measurement on each side. 11 And he measured the width of the [n]gateway, ten cubits, and the length of the gate, thirteen cubits. 12 There was a [o]barrier wall one cubit wide in front of the guardrooms on each side; and the guardrooms were six cubits square on each side. 13 And he measured the gate from the roof of the one guardroom to the roof of the other, a width of twenty-five cubits, from one door to the door opposite. 14 He made the side pillars sixty cubits high; the gate extended all around to the side pillar of the courtyard. 15 And from the front of the entrance gate to the front of the inner porch of the gate was fifty cubits. 16 And there were [p]shuttered windows looking toward the guardrooms, and toward their side pillars within the gate all around, and likewise for the porches. And there were windows all around inside; and on each side pillar were palm tree decorations.
17 Then he brought me into the outer courtyard, and behold, there were chambers and a stone pavement made for the courtyard all around; thirty chambers [q]faced the pavement. 18 And the pavement (that is, the lower pavement) was by the [r]side of the gates, corresponding to the length of the gates. 19 Then he measured the width from the front of the lower gate to the front of the exterior of the inner courtyard, a hundred cubits on the east and on the north.
20 And as for the gate of the outer courtyard which faced north, he measured its length and its width. 21 [s]It had three guardrooms on each side; and its side pillars and its porches [t]had the same measurement as the first gate. Its length was fifty cubits, and the width twenty-five cubits. 22 Its windows, its porches, and its palm tree decorations had the same measurements as the gate which faced east; and [u]it was reached by seven steps, and its [v]porch was in front of them. 23 The inner courtyard had a gate opposite the gate on the north as well as the gate on the east; and he measured a hundred cubits from gate to gate.
24 Then he led me toward the south, and behold, there was a gate toward the south; and he measured its side pillars and its porches according to [w]those same measurements. 25 [x]The gate and its porches had windows all around like [y]those other windows; the length was fifty cubits and the width, twenty-five cubits. 26 There were seven steps going up to it, and its porches were in front of them; and it had palm tree decorations on its side pillars, one on each side. 27 The inner courtyard had a gate toward the south; and he measured from gate to gate toward the south, a hundred cubits.
28 Then he brought me to the inner courtyard by the south gate; and he measured the south gate according to those same measurements. 29 Its guardrooms also, its side pillars, and its porches were according to those same measurements. And [z]the gate and its porches had windows all around; it was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide. 30 There were porches all around, twenty-five cubits long and five cubits wide. 31 And its porches were toward the outer courtyard; and palm tree decorations were on its side pillars, and its stairway had eight steps.
32 Then he brought me into the inner courtyard toward the east. And he measured the gate according to those same measurements. 33 Its guardrooms also, its side pillars, and its porches were according to those same measurements. And [aa]the gate and its porches had windows all around; it was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide. 34 Its porches were toward the outer courtyard; and palm tree decorations were on its side pillars, on each side, and its stairway had eight steps.
35 Then he brought me to the north gate; and he measured it according to those same measurements, 36 with its guardrooms, its side pillars, and its porches. And [ab]the gate had windows all around; the length was fifty cubits and the width twenty-five cubits. 37 And its side pillars were toward the outer courtyard; and palm tree decorations were on its side pillars, on each side, and its stairway had eight steps.
38 A chamber with its doorway was by the side pillars at the gates; there they rinse the burnt offering. 39 And in the porch of the gate were two tables on each side, on which to slaughter the burnt offering, the sin offering, and the guilt offering. 40 On the outer [ac]side, [ad]as one went up to the [ae]gateway toward the north, were two tables; and on the other [af]side of the porch of the gate were two tables. 41 Four tables were on each side [ag]next to the gate; eight tables on which they slaughter sacrifices. 42 For the burnt offering there were four tables of cut stone, a cubit and a half long, a cubit and a half wide, and one cubit high, on which they set the utensils with which they slaughter the burnt offering and the sacrifice. 43 And the double [ah]hooks, [ai]one hand width in length, were installed [aj]in the house all around; and on the tables was the flesh of the offering.
44 From the outside to the inner gate were [ak]chambers for the singers in the inner courtyard, one of which was at the [al]side of the north gate, with [am]its front toward the south, and one at the [an]side of the [ao]south gate facing north. 45 Then he said to me, “This is the chamber which faces south, intended for the priests who [ap]are responsible for the [aq]temple; 46 but the chamber which faces north is for the priests who [ar]are responsible for the altar. They are the sons of Zadok, who from the sons of Levi come near to the Lord to serve Him.” 47 He measured the courtyard, a perfect square, a hundred cubits long and a hundred cubits wide; and the altar was in front of the [as]temple.
48 Then he brought me to the porch of the [at]temple and measured each side pillar of the porch, five cubits on each side; and the width of the gate was three cubits on each side. 49 The length of the porch was twenty cubits, and the width eleven cubits; and at the stairway by which it was ascended were columns belonging to the side pillars, one on each side.
- Ezekiel 40:1 Lit struck
- Ezekiel 40:3 Lit reed, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 40:4 Lit set your heart
- Ezekiel 40:5 Lit house
- Ezekiel 40:5 I.e., “long” cubits, see note 4
- Ezekiel 40:5 Lit by the cubit and
- Ezekiel 40:5 A cubit and hand width equals about 21 in. or 53 cm
- Ezekiel 40:5 Lit building
- Ezekiel 40:6 Or in depth
- Ezekiel 40:6 Or in depth
- Ezekiel 40:7 Lit from the house
- Ezekiel 40:8 Lit from the house
- Ezekiel 40:9 Lit from the house
- Ezekiel 40:11 Lit entrance of the gate
- Ezekiel 40:12 Lit border
- Ezekiel 40:16 Or beveled inwards
- Ezekiel 40:17 Lit to
- Ezekiel 40:18 Lit shoulder
- Ezekiel 40:21 Lit Its guardrooms were three
- Ezekiel 40:21 Lit were
- Ezekiel 40:22 Lit they were going up into it
- Ezekiel 40:22 Another reading is porches
- Ezekiel 40:24 Lit these measurements, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 40:25 Lit It
- Ezekiel 40:25 Lit these windows
- Ezekiel 40:29 Lit it
- Ezekiel 40:33 Lit it
- Ezekiel 40:36 Lit it
- Ezekiel 40:40 Lit shoulder
- Ezekiel 40:40 Lit to the one going up
- Ezekiel 40:40 Lit entrance of the gate
- Ezekiel 40:40 Lit shoulder
- Ezekiel 40:41 Lit to the shoulder of
- Ezekiel 40:43 Or ledges
- Ezekiel 40:43 About 3 in. or 7.5 cm
- Ezekiel 40:43 Or inside
- Ezekiel 40:44 LXX two chambers
- Ezekiel 40:44 Lit shoulder
- Ezekiel 40:44 Lit their
- Ezekiel 40:44 Lit shoulder
- Ezekiel 40:44 As in LXX; MT east
- Ezekiel 40:45 Lit keep the duty of
- Ezekiel 40:45 Lit house
- Ezekiel 40:46 Lit keep the duty of
- Ezekiel 40:47 Lit house
- Ezekiel 40:48 Lit house