Genesis 16

Sarai and Hagar

16 Now Sarai, Abram’s wife, had not borne him a child, but she had an Egyptian slave woman whose name was Hagar. So Sarai said to Abram, “See now, the Lord has prevented me from bearing children. Please have relations with my slave woman; perhaps I will [a]obtain children through her.” And Abram listened to the voice of Sarai. And so after Abram had lived ten years in the land of Canaan, Abram’s wife Sarai took Hagar the Egyptian, her slave woman, and gave her to her husband Abram as his wife. Then he had relations with Hagar, and she conceived; and when Hagar became aware that she had conceived, her mistress was insignificant in her sight. So Sarai said to Abram, “May the wrong done to me be upon you! I put my slave woman into your [b]arms, but when she saw that she had conceived, I was insignificant in her [c]sight. May the Lord judge between [d]you and me.” But Abram said to Sarai, “Look, your slave woman is in your [e]power; do to her what is good in your [f]sight.” So Sarai treated her harshly, and she fled from her presence.

Now the angel of the Lord found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur. He said, “Hagar, Sarai’s slave woman, from where have you come, and where are you going?” And she said, “I am fleeing from the presence of my mistress Sarai.” So the angel of the Lord said to her, “Return to your mistress, and submit [g]to her authority.” 10 The angel of the Lord also said to her, “I will greatly multiply your [h]descendants so that [i]they will be too many to count.” 11 The angel of the Lord said to her further,

“Behold, you are pregnant,
And you will give birth to a son;
And you shall name him [j]Ishmael,
Because the Lord has heard your affliction.
12 But he will be a wild donkey of a man;
His hand will be against everyone,
And everyone’s hand will be against him;
And he will live [k]in defiance of all his brothers.”

13 Then she called the name of the Lord who spoke to her, “[l]You are [m]a God who sees me”; for she said, “Have I even seen Him here and lived after [n]He saw me?” 14 Therefore the well was called [o]Beer-lahai-roi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.

15 So Hagar bore a son to Abram; and Abram named his son, to whom Hagar gave birth, Ishmael. 16 Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to [p]him.


  1. Genesis 16:2 Lit be built from her
  2. Genesis 16:5 Lit breast
  3. Genesis 16:5 Lit eyes
  4. Genesis 16:5 Lit me and you
  5. Genesis 16:6 Lit hand
  6. Genesis 16:6 Lit eyes
  7. Genesis 16:9 Lit under her hands
  8. Genesis 16:10 Lit seed
  9. Genesis 16:10 Lit they shall not be counted for multitude
  10. Genesis 16:11 I.e., God hears
  11. Genesis 16:12 Lit before the face of; or opposite
  12. Genesis 16:13 Or You, God, see me
  13. Genesis 16:13 Heb Elroi
  14. Genesis 16:13 Lit His seeing me
  15. Genesis 16:14 I.e., the well of the living one who sees me
  16. Genesis 16:16 Lit Abram